Water Types

TYPES OF WATER

SPRING WATER

is water derived from an underground formation from which water flows naturally to the surface of the earth. Spring Water must be collected only at the spring or through a borehole tapping the underground formation feeding the spring. Spring water collected with the use of an external forces must be from the same underground stratum as the spring, must have all the physical properties before treatment, and must be of the same composition and quality as the water that flows naturally to the surface of the earth.

Purified Water

is water that has been produced by distillation, deionization, reverse osmosis, or other suitable process while meeting the definition of purified water in the United States Pharmacopeia. Other suitable product names for bottled water treated by one of the above processes include “distilled water” if it is produced by distillation,
“deionized” if it is produced by deionization, or reverse osmosis water” if the process used is reverse osmosis. Alternatively, “drinking water” can be used with one of the purifying terms defined above (e.g., “purified drinking” or distilled drinking water”)

Mineral Water

is natural water containing less than 250 parts per million total dissolved solids. Mineral water is distinguished from other types of bottled water by its constant level and relative proportions of mineral and trace elements at the point of emergence from the source. No minerals can be added to this product.

Sparkling Bottled Water

is water that, after treatment and possible replacement with carbon dioxide, contains the same amount of carbon dioxide that it had as it emerged from the source. Sparkling bottled water waters may be labeled as “sparkling drinking water,” “sparkling mineral water,” “sparkling spring water” etc.

Artesian Water/Artesian Well Water

is water from a well that is taps a confined aquifer (a water-bearing underground layer of rock or san) in which the water level stands at some height above the top of the aquifer.

Well Water

is water from a hole bored, drilled, or otherwise constructed in the ground, which taps the water aquifer.